Honda Engaged on Complicated Hybrid Bike


Honda has submitted nine patent drawings showing various dual electric motor hybrid configurations.

Honda has submitted 9 patent drawings exhibiting varied twin electrical motor hybrid configurations. (Honda Patent Submitting/)

Within the quarter century because the launch of the primary Toyota Prius hybrid automobiles have develop into commonplace, however the identical mixture of combustion engine and electrical energy has but to make an influence on two wheels. There have been makes an attempt at hybrid bikes previously and Kawasaki’s upcoming 2024 Ninja hybrid guarantees to up the ante additional, however a number of new patent functions from Honda present a way more advanced and superior tackle the concept.

Honda has a status for taking the tough route in the case of creating new concepts. That is, in any case, the identical firm that developed oval pistons with twin con-rods and eight valves per cylinder when race laws stated it couldn’t use a V-8. So whereas it’s “comparatively” easy to easily bolt an electric motor to an current combustion engine and transmission to create a hybrid bike—as Piaggio did again in 2008 to create the MP3 plug-in hybrid—Honda is taking a really totally different path.

Kawasaki’s upcoming Ninja HEV hybrid, due in manufacturing in 2024, already guarantees a number of driving modes. It may well work in electric-only mode in cities, as a gas-powered bike whereas cruising, and with each energy models working collectively whenever you want most efficiency. It’s additionally bought a push-button-operated, semi-auto transmission to assist create a seamless transition between energy sources. Intelligent stuff, however not a patch on what Honda seems to be planning.

The brand new Honda patents present varied layouts for a hybrid that mixes a combustion engine with not one however two electrical motor/generator models, together with a planetary gearbox and a multi-ratio guide transmission. The designs present the outlines of two potential combustion engines: one which seems much like the 750cc twin used within the X-ADV and NC750 vary, the opposite a smaller unit, presumably a single. In addition they illustrate quite a lot of potential layouts for the positions of the 2 electrical motors, however whichever model is chosen the fundamentals of the operation would be the identical.

Associated: Yamaha Revisits Its Old Hybrid Ideas

One of nine different layouts submitted by Honda shows the two motors in a stacked configuration and what could be a twin-cylinder combustion engine.

Considered one of 9 totally different layouts submitted by Honda exhibits the 2 motors in a stacked configuration and what may very well be a twin-cylinder combustion engine. (Honda Patent Submitting/)

Honda connects the 2 electrical motors and the combustion engine collectively through an epicyclic or “planetary” gearset in a structure that’s similar to the transmission that was the killer characteristic of the Prius when it was launched 1 / 4 of a century in the past. There’s no clutch between the engine and transmission, however the planetary gears means the bike might be ridden in pure electrical mode with the engine stopped or in pure ICE mode, and in quite a lot of methods in between.

Honda’s hybrid layout with the epicyclic gearset.

Honda’s hybrid structure with the epicyclic gearset. (Honda Patent Submitting/)

The primary electrical motor/generator, labeled MG1 within the drawings, is related to the ring gear of the planetary gearset. The second motor/generator, labeled MG2, is related to the solar gear within the center, and likewise instantly linked to the discount gearset that drives the entrance sprocket, so it at all times turns when the rear wheel is shifting, appearing both as a generator to replenish the batteries or as a motor to drive the wheel. The combustion engine drives the planet provider that holds the planetary gears in place between.

By itself, the system creates a repeatedly variable transmission—the combustion engine can keep its most effective pace and the transmission’s output pace is altered by adjusting the pace of the primary motor/generator (MG1). On this state, known as “eCVT” mode, MG1 is appearing as a generator and MG2 and the combustion engine are working collectively to drive the rear wheel.

Associated: Honda’s New 2WD and Regen Braking Designs for Bikes

Here a smaller combustion engine is shown, most likely a single.

Right here a smaller combustion engine is proven, almost certainly a single. (Honda Patent Submitting/)

In Honda’s patents, the system is proven in varied layouts, all throughout the silhouette of an X-ADV 750. The layouts additionally present how the batteries may very well be organized, however don’t learn an excessive amount of into the usage of the X-ADV’s form. If this design reaches manufacturing, will probably be in a motorbike that’s purpose-made to deal with it. Given the possible bulk and complexity of the setup, it’s extra more likely to be suited to a tourer, offering an extended vary and loads of energy from {a partially} electrified design, than a smaller, sportier bike. It’s additionally nonetheless clearly a venture that’s a good distance from manufacturing, but when Honda is to hit its self-imposed goal of creating its bike enterprise carbon-neutral by 2040, it’s the type of machine the corporate must be making.


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